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NCDs in numbers

Key figures on the prevalence and funding of non-communicable diseases



Spending misalignment


Diseases with the highest mortality receive the lowest levels of financing, according to the Global Burden Disease Study carried out in 2017 and 2019 by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Precisely, 73.4% of all deaths in 2017 were caused by non-communicable diseases comprising cardiovascular diseases, neoplasm, diabetes, neurological disorders and others.


The Global Burden of Disease study has also revealed that NCDs in general receive lower funding streams compared to other diseases. As the illustration depicts, $39.8 billion goes to infectious diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria, while only $730 million go to NCDs.

Not a flattening curve in sight


As investigated by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases continues to grow with no flattening curve in sight. From 1990 until 2016, there has been a global increase of 0.4 billion people affected by NCDs.