• Re:solve Global Health

Costs and benefits of achieving the Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4

Most countries have made little progress in achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.4, which calls for a reduction in premature mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by a third from 2015 to 2030



Costs are in 2020 US dollars. Costs and deaths averted are totals over 2023–30. Average annual costs reported in the main text are calculated by dividing these costs by 8 years. Numbers might not add up exactly due to rounding.

* Incremental cost is the difference of the total cost of accelerated progress and the total cost of no additional action.

Source: The Lancet